France architecture

France is a country of rich architecture. You can spend your time walking along the streets of Paris or of any other city, visiting museums, making shooting near each of many impressive monuments. There are a lot of ancient monuments in France, almost all of them are in good condition such as the Maison Carre and the Pont du Gard near Nimez.

There were built a lot of innovative buildings in France by Charlemagne of the Carolingian dynasty, and more precisely in the period of his reign. For that the Romanesque architecture was used which gave birth to the Gothic style architecture. Many works of art were created in France during this period, such as the cathedrals of the Gothic style which can be exemplified by the Cathedral of Chartres (early 1194), St. Sernina in Toulouse (1080-1120) and the Cathedral of St. Mary Magdalene of Novgorod (1089-1206) .

The Romanesque style in architecture in France comes from the Roman Empire. The Romanesque style includes of Byzantine and Oriental and cathedrals with stone arches are one of the most successful innovations of Romanesque style. It is considered to be an answer to monasteries and churches needs. Each region in France has its own Romanesque style, which reflects the regional traditions and customs. The Benedictine monastery of Cluny church in Burgundy is the largest and most important building in Romanesque style in France. The monastery of Cluny was once the center of the Benedictine Order in France. The Gothic style has its origins in the twelfth century BC, and was taken as a basic style from the Romanesque style. During this time France became a center of trade, and many churches in the Gothic style were built on donations from the mercantile interests of citizens. In the thirteenth century the Gothic style became universal throughout Europe, and was the first French style, which was used throughout Europe.

Anna Levand